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Updated : 08/07/2001
Kakosi) Boiotia, Greece.
A city at the S foot
of Mt. Helikon, on the site of the modern town; it is situated in a
corridor 350-700 m wide between a rocky hill to the N (Palaiokastro)
and, to the S, the edge of a plateau linked to Mt. Helikon (Neokastro).
The site had an
important Mycenaean settlement; in Classical times, up to 338 B.C.,
Thisbe formed part of one of the districts of Thespiai. Thereafter the
city was independent. In 172 B.C. it sided with Perseus but was forced
to open its gates to Flamininus; a senatus consultum of October, 170,
settled the matter to the advantage of the Romans (IG VII
The city ramparts
ran around the two hills and the lower city. A wall of coarse polygonal
masonry runs across the NW part of Palaiokastro (acropolis). The E wall
of the lower city and the Neokastro rampart are of regular 4th c.
masonry; the eight towers have finely grooved corners. The W rampart has
disappeared. Remains of the ancient city include some hundred reliefs
and inscriptions dating from the 5th c. B.C. to the 3d c. A.D. (at the
Thebes Museum and in modern buildings at Thisvi and Korini, 1.5 km to
the SE), as well as quantities of pottery ranging from the Mycenaean to
the Roman period.
To prevent flooding
in the lower (E) section of the Thisbe basin a long dike was built N-S,
noted by Pausanias; two sluices regulated the passage of water. The road
running from Thisbe to its port, now Vathy, on the Gulf of Corinth,
passed over the dike.